Farfugium japonicum (far-FEW-gee-um juh-PON-ih-kum) previously generally known as Ligularia tussilaginea (lig-yew-LAR-ee-ah, tuss-ill-uh-GIN-ee-uh) pays homage to its fatherland on the seashores and streams in Japan, the place it’s referred to as Tsuwabuki.
The leopard plant is a species of herbaceous perennial flowering vegetation belonging to the household Asteraceae.
Like different species of Asteraceae:
… Farfugium japonicum is cultivated as a decorative plant.
They’re utilized in each gardens and pots to brighten up shaded gardening areas.
The small shiny flowers and glossy leaves create a placing distinction and look very fairly planted amongst different flowering vegetation.
Bigger varieties produce massive leaves overlaying pots, centering the eye on the small daisy-like flowers blooming within the fall.
It’s possible you’ll hear it referred to as by its frequent names together with:
Inexperienced Leopard Plant
Additionally it is recognized by the plant synonym Ligularia kaempferi.
Named varieties it’s possible you’ll discover embrace:
Farfugium japonicum ‘aureomaculatum’
Farfugium japonicum ‘gigantea’
Farfugium Japonicum Care
Dimension & Development
The Large Leopard plant is grown for its placing foliage and daisy-like flowers.
The plant has a medium development price and sprouts in a unfastened clump about 24” inches tall and huge.
It spreads by rhizomes, making a carpet of enormous inexperienced leaves usually marked with yellow or cream-colored spots.
It’s an evergreen perennial, that means it stays in leaf all yr lengthy.
It’s a hermaphrodite, that means it comprises each female and male organs.
Bees and different bugs pollinate the plant, spreading its development.
Flowering and Perfume
In addition to the enticing foliage of enormous leaves, Leopard vegetation are additionally appreciated for his or her tiny flowers.
These flowers bloom time is within the fall and winter and are borne in unfastened clusters.
They seem much like daisies and are shiny yellow flowers.
Every flower is about 1” – 2” inches throughout and appears fairly elevated above the shiny inexperienced leaves.
Gentle & Temperature
Farfugium japonicum var. giganteum are hardy to USDA zones – hardiness zones 7 to 9 rising nicely in a wide range of rising circumstances and areas.
In terms of gentle, Leopard vegetation are inclined to prosper partially shade to full shade areas resembling shade gardens.
Though they will develop in full solar, leopard vegetation are extremely vulnerable to wilting on very shiny sunny days when they’re planted with none gentle shade.
As for temperature, the plant will not be thought-about too hardy and doesn’t tolerate beneath freezing or very excessive temperatures.
They do greatest in tropical climates i.e., temperatures above 20° levels Fahrenheit (-6° C) however can survive temperatures right down to zero° levels F (-18° C).
In case you dwell in an space the place winters are harsh, deliver your Gigantea inside or plant it in a container in the course of the colder months to make sure its survival.
Watering and Feeding
Leopard vegetation require fixed moisture within the soil.
It is because, of their native habitat, they’re mostly discovered close to streams and coastal areas.
Be certain to maintain an in depth eye on the soil and maintain it moist, particularly in the course of the scorching late summers.
Keep away from each overwatering and letting the soil dry out fully.
Each extremes could cause injury, implicating the plant’s well being and survival.
The vegetation additionally want fertile soil to prosper, so be sure to feed the vegetation frequently however don’t overdo it.
Soil & Transplanting
As talked about beforehand, Leopard vegetation love wealthy, moist soil.
Offered it has good drainage, use sandy, loamy, and clay soils for planting Ligularia tussilaginea.
A pH between 5.6 and seven.5 is appropriate for Leopard vegetation.
If you propagate Leopard vegetation with seeds, you’ll be beginning them in pots positioned inside a greenhouse.
When the vegetation have established, plant them of their everlasting areas within the floor or greater pots.
The acceptable time for transplanting the vegetation is in late spring or early summer season.
Use well-drained, moist and humus-rich soil to plant Farfugium japonicum in a semi-shaded location.
Grooming and Upkeep
Leopard vegetation have very minimal upkeep wants.
You don’t essentially must prune them or do a lot to maintain them wholesome and thriving.
The one factor you want to watch out about is watering and lighting.
In case you have a very sunny and scorching summer season advert your Leopard plant is situated in full solar, add shade to keep away from wilting.
Additionally, maintain the soil moist always because the plant doesn’t reply nicely to dry soil.
Learn how to Propagate Leopard Plant
Leopard vegetation are propagated with seeds and by the division of the basis ball.
In case you’re utilizing seeds to propagate Leopard vegetation, they have to be sowed in a chilly body throughout springtime.
As soon as the vegetation have grown massive sufficient to be dealt with, prick the seedlings and transplant them into particular person pots.
Maintain them inside in a greenhouse in the course of the first winter, planting them outdoors as soon as the final spring frosts have handed in late spring or early summer season.
Division is completed within the spring. Merely divide the basis ball or take offsets, planting them in particular person pots for the approaching winter.
Inexperienced Leopard Plant Pest or Illness Issues
Leopard vegetation are vulnerable to frequent plant pests and ailments. The most typical pest being slug assaults.
Use meals grade Diatomaceous earth insecticide for management. Seek the advice of your native gardening heart for different strategies of eliminating slugs.
Leopard vegetation comprise tumorigenic pyrrolizidine alkaloids which make the plant toxic if ingested.
Recommended Leopard Plant Makes use of
In some areas, the stems of the Leopard vegetation have edible makes use of.
The stems are boiled in water to take away the bitter style.
The outer layer is then peeled, and the stems are added in salads and soups, and so on.
Apart from this, Leopard vegetation are used primarily for his or her magnificence.
They appear nice planted in woodland gardens, moist meadows, flowerbeds, massive bowls, beneath bigger bushes, and in boundaries.