Pteris cretica (TARE-iss, KRET-ee-kuh) is an evergreen fern species belonging to the household Pteridaceae and is native to Europe, Africa, and Asia.
However, because the plant thrives within the subtropical local weather, it nearly has pantropical distribution.
It additionally adapts to indoor circumstances due to which it’s also generally known as desk fern.
Totally different styles of Pteris cretica are cultivated, and whereas every of them displays fronds in numerous shapes and colours, all of them have comparable necessities and traits.
You might also hear it known as by its frequent names together with:
Cretan Brake Fern
Pteris Cretica Care
Dimension & Development
Ribbon fern is a brief plant usually rising to solely 18” – 24” inches in top.
However, it’s also a slow-growing plant and takes round 2 to five years to succeed in maturity.
The plant options quick, underground rhizomes and clumps of lengthy, erect fronds pinnately divided into three to five pairs of leaflets.
Flowering and Perfume
Pteris cretica is a fern, and therefore, it doesn’t produce any flowers.
Mild & Temperature
As talked about above, Pteris cretica thrives within the subtropical local weather, which suggests it requires daylight to develop correctly.
Nevertheless, make sure that to not expose the plant to direct daylight as it might probably trigger injury to the fronds.
Maintain the plant in vibrant however oblique gentle all year long for finest progress.
Consultants counsel retaining the pot on a tray stuffed with moist pebbles and to mist-spray the plant with water, each day, when the temperature rises above 64° levels Fahrenheit (18° C) and stays excessive for greater than a few days.
60° – 70° levels Fahrenheit (15° – 21° C) and 50° – 55° levels Fahrenheit (10° – 13° C) are the best temperature ranges for day and evening, respectively.
Watering and Feeding
Pteris cretica needs to be watered commonly and plentifully as a result of it can not tolerate dryness round its roots.
So, make sure that to maintain the soil totally moist always.
Nevertheless, cut back the watering to reasonable when the temperature falls under 59° levels Fahrenheit (15° C) and let the topmost layer of the soil to dry out earlier than watering once more.
Use a typical liquid fertilizer at half energy after each two to 4 weeks.
The frequency of fertilizer software varies with the kind of potting combination you’ve used with a peat-based combination requiring probably the most frequent feeding.
Soil & Transplanting
Pteris cretica can tolerate a wide range of soils so long as they’re chalk-free, moist, and well-drained.
When grown in pots, the plant thrives in a peat-based combination or a potting combine made by combining equal elements of a soil-based combination and leaf mould.
Transplant the ribbon fern solely when the roots fill the pot, and their progress is being restricted as a result of small dimension of the pot.
When repotting, make sure that to not bury the rhizomes too deep into the potting combination; they need to be slightly below the floor of the soil.
Spring is the perfect time for repotting.
Grooming and Upkeep
Pteris cretica is an easy-to-grow and low upkeep plant.
All it’s important to do is to commonly examine it for outdated and shabby-looking outer fronds and take away them so the brand new ones can develop.
The way to Propagate Ribbon Fern
Propagate Pteris cretica by rhizome divisions in spring.
Reduce the rhizome sections with a pointy knife and ensure every part has feeding roots and a clump of fronds.
Plant the rhizome divisions in moist soil and take care of them the identical manner as you do for a mature ribbon fern plant.
The plant can be typically propagated by way of spores.
Desk Fern Pest or Ailments
Present the correct quantity of water and humidity, and your ribbon fern is not going to encounter any main drawback.
Extreme publicity to scorching solar could cause fading of the leaves, whereas too little water could cause them to show brown and curl.
The fronds of Pteris cretica are delicate and bruise simply, so keep away from touching them.
The plant can be not inclined to any critical pests. Nevertheless, it’s steered to be careful for scale bugs, mealybugs, and aphids.
Cretan Brake Makes use of
Pteris cretica has been broadly grown as a decorative plant in each gardens and pots.
It’s a fantastic addition to gardens, patios, pergolas, courtyards, terraces, and even out of doors dwelling rooms.
There have additionally been stories the plant helps to take away arsenic from residential soils and consuming water provides as a result of its fronds can accumulate excessive concentrations of the chemical factor.