Sempervivum Tectorum [sem-per-VEE-vum, tek-TOR-um] is a flowering Sempervivum plant species from the household Crassulaceae.
Whereas the plant is native to southern Europe, it’s cultivated in your complete continent as a result of its distinctive look and conventional beliefs hooked up to it.
For instance, within the Roman custom, the plant is believed to guard buildings from lightning strikes – most of the plant’s frequent names mirror this perception.
Identified to people for hundreds of years, Sempervivum Tectorum goes by many plant names, probably the most well-known and broadly used of which is Widespread Houseleek.
William Thomas Fernie, the creator of Natural Simples Authorized for Fashionable Makes use of of Treatment, shares a narrative to explain the hardiness of houseleek.
In his e book, he narrated:
“A botanist tried to dry a houseleek plant for his herbarium for eighteen months however failed.
He then replanted the houseleek to its authentic web site the place it began rising once more as if there had been no interference in its common life.”
Sempervivum can be Latin for ‘dwell perpetually.’
Different frequent names of sempervivum tectorum are:
St. George’s beard
Poor Jan’s leaf
St. Patrick’s cabbage
Hens and Chicks (a reputation it shares with many different species of the Crassulaceae household)
Sempervivum Tectorum Care
Dimension & Progress
Houseleek is an evergreen, perennial, and low rising succulent plant forming thick and enormous rosettes of inexperienced leaves, which generally have purple-colored suggestions.
The plant is easy-to-grow, hardy, and long-lasting.
Flowering and Perfume
The mom rosette of roof houseleek grows a few foot lengthy, upright leafy stalks over which the cymes of red-purple flowers bloom.
Mild & Temperature
Thunderplant thrives in full solar at a average temperature however present partial shade for the plant in excessive warmth.
Whereas temperature fluctuations don’t harm the plant, it goes right into a semi-dormant state when the temperature rises above 75° levels Fahrenheit (24° C) or falls under 65° levels Fahrenheit (18° C).
USDA hardiness zone three – 11.
Watering and Feeding
Since hens & chicks is a succulent plant, it doesn’t must be watered day by day.
One of the best ways to water this plant (or any succulent plant) is to water it generously as soon as, a lot so the soil is totally soaked and the water begins to come back out of the drainage gap (in case of a potted plant).
Then go away the plant by itself and don’t water once more till the soil has fully dried out (it might take every week and even two relying on the local weather).
As a normal rule, keep in mind water necessities of succulent crops are highest in spring and summer season when they’re actively rising, and steadily scale back because the climate adjustments, decreasing to a minimal in winter.
Whereas sempervivum tectorum can develop effectively even with out fertilizing, consultants counsel feeding it as soon as with a controlled-release fertilizer at the beginning of each season.
A liquid fertilizer, nevertheless, would must be utilized as soon as every week, in diluted type.
Use a fertilizer with decrease nitrogen concentrations on younger crops and balanced fertilizer, at 1/4th energy, to feed the mature houseleek crops.
Soil & Transplanting
Homewort requires mild and well-draining succulent soil combination with a impartial pH for correct progress.
Transplantation of offsets ought to ideally be executed in heat climate.
Earlier than taking a younger plant out, ensure the soil is totally dry.
Take away broken, rotten, or useless roots and deal with any wounds or cuts with an appropriate fungicide earlier than planting within the new pot or on the new web site.
Don’t water the plant for a few week after transplanting because it might trigger root rot.
Grooming and Upkeep
Since St. Patrick’s cabbage is evergreen and hardy plant, it doesn’t have a lot upkeep necessities other than making certain the correct drainage of the soil.
Waterlogged soil can harm and even kill the houseleek.
How To Propagate Houseleek
Widespread houseleek plant known as hen and chicks due to its pure progress behavior.
The unique or mom rosette (a hen) readily produces offsets (chicks) from horizontal stems, in all instructions.
The offsets cluster across the mom rosette identical to chicks collect across the mom hen.
The plant can simply be propagated by dividing these naturally produced offsets.
Sengreen additionally propagates from seeds and seedlings.
Sprinkle the seeds on the highest of the soil, ideally in a pot through the fall, and water flippantly.
Preserve the soil reasonably moist till the seeds germinate.
When the seeds begin to sprout, add some fantastic gravel round them; it really works like mulch.
Switch the younger crops to the bottom within the spring.
Listed below are just a few suggestions you need to keep in mind and observe for profitable propagation of this plant:
Don’t plant roof foil too deeply within the soil and at all times unfold the roots whereas replanting.
Cowl the plant as much as the crown and compress the soil gently to make sure it’s firmly set within the pot or floor.
Water flippantly and let the roots of latest crops dry out fully between waterings.
Houseleek Pest or Ailments
Just a few types of houseleek crops can develop Endophyllum rust, a kind of fungal illness. The plant can develop crown rot.
Nevertheless, each these issues develop as a result of overwatering or poorly drained soil.
It’s simply prevented by rising the plant in dry circumstances.
It’s deer resistant.
Sempervivum Tectorum Makes use of
Whereas the satan’s beard grows slowly in peak, it readily spreads to about three’ ft horizontally, making it a good selection as a floor cowl.
The plant can be grown in lots of areas for sure medicinal functions and conventional beliefs.
They’re thought of alpine or rock backyard crops, due to their hardiness and for being drought tolerant.
Tuck them into crevices and drape over partitions for added privateness or magnificence.
The juice from the plant is used as an astringent and the edible leaves are used for sore throats.