Bletilla striata [bleh-TIL-uh, stree-AH-tuh] is a flowering orchid bulb species from household Orchidaceae.
This plant is native to the Asian lands of China, Japan, Korea, and Myanmar, the place it’s cultivated in abundance.
The widespread identify Chinese language floor orchid refers back to the plant’s nativity.
The plant is also called the:
or just floor orchid
As for the botanical identify, the epithet of the phrase striata means striped, a reference to the plant’s ribbed flowers.
As for the genus identify Bletilla, it’s within the honor of an 18th-century Spanish apothecary named Luis Blet.
Striata is also called Bletilla hyacinthina.
Bletilla Striata Care
Dimension & Progress
In the fitting rising circumstances and glorious soil, this terrestrial orchid plant (just like the Phaius Non’s orchid) is simple to develop and look after.
Bulbs develop in clumps consisting of pseudobulbs. Every pseudobulb resembles corms producing Three-5, papery, sword-shaped, pleated, pale inexperienced leaves between 12” – 18” inches lengthy and 6” – 12” inches huge.
Throughout winter the foliage dies to the bottom. It’s a long-lived plant and enjoys successive development yr after yr.
It not solely turns into stronger, but it surely additionally spreads in numbers as a result of self-seeding.
Flowering and Perfume
Orchids are some of the liked flowers around the globe. Chinese language floor orchids aren’t any completely different.
The pinkish-lavender cattleya like flowers are borne on racemes within the type of spike-like clusters in the course of the late spring Might-June season.
There are about three to seven flowers on the higher half. Every flower spike is about eight″ – 18″ inches in size and held above the foliage.
The hardy floor orchid begins blooming from the underside and makes their method up with three or 4 flowers open at one time.
Each floor orchid flower has 5 petals and an undulating furrowed decrease lip.
They’re round 2” inches huge. The bloom time is kind of brief and lasts solely a month.
As soon as the season is over, the purple flowers fall clear off the plant.
Gentle & Temperature
Floor orchids are really helpful for USDA hardiness zones 5 by way of 9.
Nonetheless, they could not do nicely in winter in Zone 5 areas.
Mulching with natural materials like pine needles may go nicely.
As for gentle, hardy orchid crops reply nicely when grown in partial shade.
Morning solar in hotter climates is helpful but it surely wants refuge from the total solar within the afternoon.
Watering and Feeding
The plant has common water wants.
Because it prefers moist soil, you want to be sure that it doesn’t dry out in sizzling climate.
Examine the soil between waterings.
Then again, overwatering may be an issue.
Most crops don’t reply nicely to water standing across the roots for too lengthy.
Whereas floor orchids like wealthy soil, they’re extraordinarily delicate to modifications in fertility ranges.
If the soil is of course wealthy, the plant creates a profitable symbiotic relationship with the fungus.
Nonetheless, a slow-release fertilizer fed in early spring could enhance development.
Soil & Transplanting
The plant is appropriate to develop in medium or loamy soils. Plant them in moist however well-drained, wealthy, and natural soil.
As for pH, the plant tolerates each acidic and alkaline soils nicely. Mulch the soil with natural matter equivalent to pine needles.
This may forestall weeds from rising across the plant and likewise assist retain moisture within the soil.
Floor orchids could reply to being transplanted, offered it’s achieved proper.
It ought to be achieved as soon as the crops have flowered however are nonetheless in leaf.
Use a number of the soil from round established crops. This may deliver a number of the micro organism and fungus to the transplant and assist it develop.
Grooming and Upkeep
With regards to grooming, the B. striata doesn’t should be pruned or sheared.
Take away dried and/or brown-tipped leaves ensuing from late winter freezes.
Brown leaves could be ugly if left untouched.
The plant has particular watering and fertilizer wants.
Ensure you sustain with the knowledge to develop robust and thriving floor orchids.
Methods to Propagate Urn Orchid
If utilizing the seedheads, permit the seeds to ripen after which sow as quickly as attainable.
The seeds appear to be a tiny embryo. Sow the seeds on the floor, in particular person containers and preserve inside a greenhouse.
Ensure you water the plant frequently. Enable the seedlings to get established and develop massive sufficient to be dealt with earlier than transferring them.
If propagating by way of division, it’s best achieved within the fall. Every division you separate ought to have no less than two to 3 pseudobulbs.
Chances are you’ll propagate additional by reducing by way of the rhizome in the course of the rising season.
As a facet word, the Bletilla is taken into account one of many best orchids to develop.
Hyacinth Orchid Pests or Ailments
Whereas slugs and snails could be occasional guests to the Bletilla orchids, use Diatomaceous Earth to assist forestall injury.
Additionally, preserve a watch out for glass whitefly, aphids, and mealybugs.
In any other case, the plant just about doesn’t have any severe pest or illness issues.
Floor Orchid Makes use of
Orchids are recognized for his or her distinctive look and exquisite flowers.
In motion pictures, TV exhibits, and different media retailers, orchids are seen being grown indoors.
Additionally they are fairly generally given as housewarming presents.
In places north of the USDA Zone 5, the plant makes for a superb container plant, particularly within the winter.
Nonetheless, the plant seems simply as gorgeous when planted in gardens.
Plant floor orchids in partly shaded borders round rock gardens and flower beds.
They develop nicely and look stunning set in opposition to ferns in woodland-type areas.
In Asia, the plant is used for non-ornamental functions.
As an example, it’s utilized in conventional Asian medication to deal with numerous kinds of ailments.
The plant can also be used to extract a pure glue to make silk strings for Chinese language musical devices.