Alstroemeria [al-stre-MEE-ree-uh], generally often called Peruvian Lily, refers to a genus of over 80 completely different species of flowering crops within the household Alstroemeriaceae.
The plant has South American origins, however many of the species have naturalized in North America and different areas equivalent to Australia, New Zealand, and the Canary Islands.
Alstroemeria is understood by many different names:
Lily of the Incas
The genus was named by Carl Linnaeus, the daddy of taxonomy, in honor of his pal and fellow botanist, Klas von Alstroemer.
For that reason, Alstroemeria flowers are believed to be a logo of true friendship. Additionally they characterize wealth, prosperity, devotion, and luck.
Dimension & Development
Alstroemeria plant is a bulbous perennial and grows a median of 1’ – three’ toes excessive and 1’ – 2’ toes extensive and will require staking.
It produces vibrant showy blooms bearing a detailed resemblance to lilies, therefore the choice names Peruvian and Princess Lily.
The plant has full of life inexperienced leaves offering a formidable backdrop to the colourful flowers.
Standard Alstroemeria Species
Alstroemeria “Indian Summer season”
Flowering and Perfume
From the start of summer season till the primary frost seems, Alstroemeria bears brightly coloured flowers rising in unfastened clusters.
Every bloom measures about 2” inches in diameter.
The flowers are sometimes streaked or freckled and are available in a variety of spectacular colours, together with deep pink, wealthy crimson, purple, yellow, apricot, orange/yellow, and white.
These vibrant, trumpet-shaped flowers will not be aromatic however given their sheer magnificence, and they’re sure to catch each eye from afar.
Mild & Temperature
Alstroemeria prefers a full solar or half shade and it’s appropriate for progress in USDA hardiness zones 6 by 10.
Watering and Feeding
Alstroemeria requires plenty of water and excessive humidity to develop correctly from there tuberous roots.
Nonetheless, whereas the plant advantages from common watering, the soil should not be soggy.
Younger seedlings should be coated with a plastic bag to take care of humidity and should be watered continuously till the primary shoot seems.
As soon as the younger plant has established effectively, a 1″ inch deep watering is required on a weekly foundation.
Feeding is required when the plant turns two years previous.
Complement the soil with nitrogen and minerals equivalent to potassium and phosphorous to spice up plant progress and assure richly coloured blooms.
Soil & Transplanting
Alstroemeria grows in a variety of soil varieties however thrives in chalky, clay, loamy or sandy soil.
The soil should be moist however have good drainage.
Sitting in waterlogged soil carries the chance of creating the plant rot.
When planting alstroemeria in pots, ensure that there are ample drainage holes.
The soil pH stage should be stored near impartial.
Alkaline soil creates manganese and iron deficiencies and results in the yellowing of leaves.
Throughout the summer season season, cowl the soil with a thick layer of mulch (ideally three” inches deep) positioned across the base of the plant to forestall the roots from being broken as a result of extreme warmth.
Each bark mulch and compost are appropriate for the duty.
Grooming and Upkeep
In the case of grooming, Alstroemeria is a comparatively low-maintenance plant.
Trim lifeless flower heads to provide a neat look and to make sure wholesome plant progress.
Furthermore, deadheading is important if you happen to don’t need the plant to multiply uncontrollably by self-seeding.
To advertise the expansion of extra flowers, pull the previous stems from the bottom of the plant slightly than chopping them with gardening scissors or pruning instruments.
How To Propagate Peruvian Princess Lily
A lot of the species of Alstroemeria are propagated by division, however just a few others are extra appropriate for seeding.
To propagate by division:
Whether or not its early summer season or late spring, Alstroemeria tubers are appropriate for planting in any season (besides winter when it goes into dormancy) so long as the encircling temperatures don’t exceed 68° levels Fahrenheit (20° C).
Soak the tubers for 24 hours earlier than planting them about 6 – eight” inches deep within the soil, leaving a distance of least 24” inches between crops.
To propagate by seeds:
Accumulate the seed pods from mature crops once they begin turning brown in coloration.
Preserve the pods in a sealed paper bag.
After a while, when the seeds explode, plant them within the ready mattress or pot instantly.
For finest outcomes, unfold a skinny layer of vermiculite over the soil earlier than protecting the pot with a plastic bag or cling movie.
Autumn is one of the best season to seed Alstroemeria because the temperature variations throughout day and night time supplies the best situations for germination.
Seeded Alstroemeria normally takes two to a few years earlier than it begins flowering.
Parrot Lily Pest or Illness Issues
Alstroemeria is deer resistant however is prone to many of the widespread backyard pests, bugs and ailments.
Snails and slugs usually feed off the crops whereas it’s widespread for:
… assault the plant as effectively.
Alstroemeria additionally suffers from issues equivalent to root rot and Grey Mildew attributable to viruses and bacterial and fungal progress.
Alstroemeria Makes use of
Alstroemeria makes an awesome addition to anywhere, be it a prim and correct backyard or only a small assortment of crops on a balcony by a house gardener.
Its vibrant and showy flowers make colourful mounds when planted in beds and borders, whereas the plant dimension additionally makes it supreme to be used as a groundcover.
Plant Alstroemeria in hanging pots and containers for beautiful out of doors ornament.
Its fancy unique blooms make unbelievable lower flowers and look stunning in bouquets as effectively.
Alstroemeria plant is thus, extremely fashionable amongst florists.
The plant has a comparatively lengthy vase life so carry a few of its white, pink or crimson flowers indoors so as to add a pop of coloration to your lounge.