The Agave Macroacantha [a-GAH-vee, mak-roh-uh-KAN-tha] has a typical identify of Massive-Thorned Agave or Black-Spined Agave.
It’s a species of the succulent Agave plant household widespread plant in pots and the panorama.
The plant belongs to the Asparagaceae household (Agavaceae) and is native to the Oaxaca area however some species have been naturalized to North America.
Some naturally occurring agave vegetation are additionally discovered within the State of Puebla in Mexico within the small city of Tehuacan.
Macroacantha is among the many lesser recognized Agave species together with:
Agave flavescens var
Agave Macroacantha Viridis Hort
Agave Macroacantha Care
Measurement & Progress
The Agave Macroacantha plant has medium-sized leaf rosettes.
They develop on stems of roughly 23” inches in very dense clumps.
The vast rosettes develop on the heart of the plant amongst vast leaves as much as 1.eight′ ft lengthy.
The slim blue-gray leaves have sharp 1” inch black terminal spines on the ideas.
Agave vegetation aren’t tough to develop.
They develop slowly and really thrive when the proprietor neglects them barely.
The plant is ideal for brand new gardeners or those that need vegetation however aren’t lovers.
Leaving the Agave alone on a sunny window is the easiest way to make sure the plant grows to its most potential.
Nonetheless, Agave vegetation are recognized to get massive and can outgrow most indoor rooms.
The Agave additionally begins to type a colony with offsets.
The sap of the plant is an irritant and the sharp thorns could cause accidents if folks aren’t cautious.
Flowering and Perfume
The flowers of the Agave have a purplish-green coloration, often small, with no distinct scent.
They’ve a fuzzy inside and develop in bunches which look very fairly.
The plant solely begins to flower as soon as it has matured which may take 15 years or extra.
Macroacantha vegetation bears fruit which resembles capsules and grows to nearly an inch in diameter.
They’re darkish brown and rectangular in form.
The blooming season of the plant is from spring to summer time.
Mild & Temperature
The Agave plant has confirmed to be a hardy plant.
It’s attainable to develop the plant in one of many coldest areas and it’ll stay unbothered by temperatures as little as 20° levels Fahrenheit (-7° C).
Generally, temperatures beneath 25° levels Fahrenheit (-Four° C) or above 115° levels Fahrenheit (46° C) can injure the plant.
The plant prefers full solar however for western scorching solar, it’s higher to have mild shade.
Watering and Feeding
Mature vegetation of the Agave are drought tolerant and may even survive low desert habitats.
Once you first transfer the Agave open air, watering it as soon as each Four-5 days for the primary month is sufficient.
Finally, you’ll solely must water it each different week relying on the climate.
They solely want supplemental irrigation in summer time months to make sure the plant stays wholesome.
Watering an excessive amount of in winters will trigger the roots to freeze up.
There is no such thing as a must feed the Agave plant in any respect.
They’re recognized to handle themselves.
Soil & Transplanting
The Agave Macroacantha must be planted in well-drained soil with full solar.
They thrive in Hardiness USDA zones of 9 amongst cacti.
If you happen to dwell in scorching desert areas, be sure that to plant it in a light-weight shady space.
The plant will want mild irrigation operating by the soil in coastal areas.
In hotter inland areas, it’s higher to irrigate sometimes.
Pots want extra grit within the soil or cactus combination.
Add pebbles or small rocks to extend the drainage capabilities of the plant.
The Agave doesn’t have to be repotted every year since they develop slowly.
It takes them a very long time to outgrow the pot.
Grooming and Upkeep
If rising in containers replenish the soil yearly.
Take away useless leaves as they emerge.
Replant or take away pups to forestall them from choking the father or mother.
How you can Propagate Black-Spined Agave
It’s very simple to propagate by dividing the plentiful basal offshoots of Agave.
You have to pair of thick leather-based backyard gloves to guard you from the sharp spines.
It’s unusual to sow seeds or use the roots of bulbils to develop a brand new Agave.
Thorned Macroacantha Agave Pest or Illnesses
The Black-Spined Agave is a fairly hardy plant and has no recognized severe illnesses or pests.
Nonetheless, one ought to all the time be looking out for the snout nosed agave weevil.
The sharp spines may very well be an issue in an space the place there may be numerous foot site visitors.
Massive-Thorned Agave Makes use of
The Black-Spined Agave is often used for decorative functions in containers, xeriscape plantings, rock gardens, and panorama borders.
They’re hanging vegetation in colonies, used for accents in lots of gardens.
In addition they present foliage coloration all 12 months lengthy, which is ideal if you need an evergreen backyard.